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Showing posts with label EnglishLanguage. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EnglishLanguage. Show all posts

23 November, 2019

Parts of Speech in English

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech:

The English grammar is mainly based on parts of speech. In the English language we have 8 parts of speech. The main parts of speech are noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.

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1. Noun:

A noun is a word which names a person, place, animal, action, quality, feeling or anything.

Noun words are Geeta, girl, team, silver, India etc.

  • Geeta is a good girl.
  • I love India.

Read More About Nouns with Examples

2. Pronoun:

The pronoun is an advancement of a noun, which is used instead of a noun.

Pronoun words are I, we, you, she, it, they, me, us, her, him, mine, myself, ourself, yourself, herself, itself, ours, yours, hers, theirs.

  • She is my sister
  • They are my friends

Read More About Pronouns with Examples

3. Verb:

The verb is a word, which expresses an action.

Verb words are eating, doing, cooking, fighting, working etc.

  • She sings a song
  • Raju is eating.

Read More About Verb Forms with Examples

4. Adverb:

An adverb is a word, which enlarges the meaning of a verb.

Adverb words are now, immediately, already, now, here, somewhere, there, anywhere, bravely, sweetly, slowly, intelligently, very, almost, loud, enough, so fast, twice, late, always, never, then, as fast as, most.

  • He walks quickly
  • I can go anywhere in the world.

Read More About Adverbs with Example

5. Adjective:

The adjective is a word which enlarges the meaning of the noun.

Adjective words are innocent, good, some, half, sufficient, much, two, any number, many, few, many, anyone, that, those, which, what.

  • She is a beautiful girl.
  • Priya is an innocent girl.

Read More About Adjectives with Examples

6. Prepositions:

The prepositions are placed before a noun or pronoun show relation between noun and pronoun.

Proposition words are on, in, to, of, for, with, by, form, up, down, at, though, till, about, behind, without, above, across, within, besides, between, inside, outside, before, against, into, out of, thought out, without, within, upon.

  • The book is on the table.
  • Check instructions before filling an application.

Read More About Prepositions with Examples

7. Interjection:

The Interjection tells some sudden or emotional feelings.

Interjection words are alas! hush, hello, hurray, oh, wow, what.

  • alas! He demised.
  • Hurray! We won the match.

8. Conjunction:

The Conjunction is word which, joins one word to another word or join one sentence to another.

Conjunction words are and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, so…that, as…as, both…and, though…yet.

  • Nandu takes tea or coffee
  • Raju and Ramu both are good friends.

Read More About Conjunctions with Examples

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

22 November, 2019

Types of Adverbs with Examples

Types of adverbs

What is an Adverb? :

The adverb adds meaning to the verb. It gives us more information about the verb. The adverb tells us how, where, when, what manner, and to what extent, an action is performed in the sentence. Which are used to express how an action is performed?

We have to keep adverb generally before the verb form.

Let’s see types of adverbs,

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1. Adverb of Time:

An adverb of time tells us when an action happens or someone had been done something or time of happenings or time of something is done in the sentence.

Adverb of time is used at the beginning or end of the sentence. We use it as a form of emphasis when we place it at the beginning. Most of the adverb of time ends with ly.

Adverb of time words are today, last night, yesterday, now, tomorrow, last month, before, already, afterward, immediately, always, last month, soon, then, now, and yesterday, afterward, already, always, immediately, last month, now, soon, then, and yesterday.

Ago - After the word if qualifies.
Before - Before the word

Note: For transitive throw adverb out of the sentence.
For the intransitive word, we have to keep, adverb on the side.

Adverb of Time Examples:

  • I study newspaper today
  • She met her friends last night
  • Yesterday he went to shopping mall.
  • Now I am watching the news.

2. Adverb of Frequency:

Adverb of frequency is used to expresses, how often something happens or something is done or someone does something or something happens in the sentence.

Adverb of frequency words are nearly, nearly always, never, occasionally, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually, and weekly, almost, again, frequently, generally, ever, hardly ever, nearly, nearly always, always, occasionally, often, rarely, never, seldom, twice, usually, sometimes, and weekly, again, hardly ever, almost, generally, always, frequently, ever.

Adverb of Frequency Examples:

  • They always do their homework at night.
  • Our cat was bitten twice by the same dog.
  • The man usually proposes marriage.
  • My parents were almost thirty when I born.
  • He studies hardly during holidays.
  • He told that he will never talk to me.
  • I talk to my neighbors very occasionally.

3. Adverb of Place:

Adverb of the place tells us, where something happens or where something is done or happens in the sentence or where someone does something. It is used generally after the verb, object or end of the sentence.

Adverb of place words are outside, below, here, above, inside, outside, there, over there, under, upstairs, above, below, here, outside, over there, there, under, upstairs etc.

Adverb of Place Examples:

  • My dog sleeps outside
  • We have the meeting inside the park
  • We need to stop here for dinner
  • He was eating under the table
  • Birds fly above in the sky

4. Adverb of Manner:

Adverb of Manner tells us about the way something happens or something is done or how an action happens or something happens in a sentence. Adverb of manner words are often formed from adjectives by adding –ly.

Adverb of manner words are badly, happily, sadly, slowly, quickly, cheerfully, badly, quickly, happily, angrily, sadly, slowly, beautifully, carefully, lately, hardly.

Some other adverbs of manner words are well, hard, fast, fast, well, hard, late, hard, truly, fast.

Adverb of Manner Examples:

  • His performance is well at last night.
  • She sings beautifully.
  • He runs quickly.
  • She hardly believes you.
  • He lately goes to the USA.
  • The brothers were badly injured in the fight.
  • I went to school cheerfully.
  • He runs fast.
  • We celebrated teacher's day happily.

WARNING: Don’t use the adverb after Linking Verb.

Note: Order of adverbs are Adverb of manner > place >time.

5. Adverb of Degree:

Adverb of degree, is tells us about the level or extent of something, is done or degree of something or happens in the sentence. It is used before the adjective or adverb.

Adverb of degree words are Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot, Softly, fully, completely.

Adverb of Degree Examples:

  • Almost very beautiful
  • My friends talk a lot.
  • The economy grows extremely.
  • My boss treats all workers fairly.
  • Children study English, too.
  • She seems too hungry.
  • I feel too much better.
  • I am quite

6 Adverb of Number:

Adverb of number, show the number of activities of the verb in a sentence.

Adverbs of number words are firstly, secondly, once, yearly, never, twice, lastly etc.

Adverb of Number Examples:

  • I eat food twice a day.
  • He saw me once.

7 Adverb of Reason:

Adverb of the reason, express the reason for something or answer the question or purpose of an action in the sentence.

Adverbs of reason words are since, therefore, so, hence, consequently, thus etc

Adverb of Reason Examples:

  • I was working hard, therefore, I qualified.
  • I am working here since 2017

8 Adverb of Comment:

Adverb of comment can change and describe the verb as well as influence the whole sentence. It can comment on the entire sentence.

Adverbs of comment words are fortunately, unfortunately, patiently, honestly, obviously, constantly etc.

Adverb of Comment Examples:

  • Luckily, I got admission in the top college.
  • Obviously, it is the wrong way to do.
  • We happily celebrated the birthday of our class teacher.

9. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation:

Adverb of affirmation and negation is an adverb which confirms or denies the action of the verb in the sentence. It is also used to reinforce the action of the verb.

Adverbs of affirmation words are definitely, surely, absolutely etc.

Adverbs of denial or negation words are no, can’t, don’t, never etc.

Adverb of Affirmation and Negation Examples:

  • I will certainly go to the school. (Adverb of affirmation)
  • I never leave you alone. (Adverb of negation)

10 Adverb of Probability:

Adverb of probability is a word, which show how sure, when someone does something.

Adverb of probability words are probably, perhaps, definitely, obviously, certainly, truly, exactly.

Adverb of Probability Examples:

  • Perhaps she comes today.
  • She will probably get married next year.

11 Adverb of Conjunction

Adverb of conjunction words are used to connect the ideas or clauses. It shows effect, sequence, contrast, cause or other relationships between two clauses in the sentence.

It requires a semicolon (;) to conjugate two clauses.

Adverbs of conjunction words are anyway, conversely, accordingly, consequently, consequently, additionally, again, certainly, contrarily, besides, almost, as a result.

Adverb of Conjunction Examples:

  • Clause 1: He was going to attend an important meeting.
  • Clause 2: He made sure to attend a meeting on time.

Adverb Definition and Examples:

An adverb is a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other parts of speech. Some adverbs can also be used to modify whole sentences.

We can easily identify the availability of adverb in the sentence by simple analysis. If any word in the sentence is describing the verb, adjective, it is an adverb and also we can recognize by looking the word ending with ly. It is primary analysis for the adverb. Some words may not end with ly.

What are adverbs ends with ly words are angrily, happily, foolishly etc. Some are without ly word forms are more, less, never, fast etc.

Adverb is expressing manner, place, time, or degree.

Adverb words are gently, here, now, very.

Examples of Adverbs:

  • I have met him before
  • Do it right now
  • He has already completed his work.
  • They arrived at the party late.
  • When will you leave for Hyderabad?

Finally, Remember List of Adverbs:

Adverb of time - today, last night, yesterday, now, tomorrow, last month.
Adverb of frequency - nearly, nearly always, never, occasionally, often, rarely.
Adverbs of place - below, here, above, inside, outside.
Adverb of manner - badly, happily, sadly, slowly, quickly, cheerfully, badly, well, hard, fast.
Adverb of degree - Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot.
Adverb of degree - Very, quite, fairly, extremely, too, enough, so, almost, a lot, Softly.
Adverbs of number - firstly, secondly, once, yearly, never, twice, lastly.
Adverbs of reason - since, therefore, so, hence, consequently, thus.
Adverbs of comment - fortunately, unfortunately, patiently, honestly, obviously, constantly.
Adverbs of affirmation - definitely, surely, absolutely.
Adverbs of denial or negation - no, can’t, don’t, never.
Adverb of probability - probably, perhaps, definitely, obviously, certainly, truly, exactly.
Adverbs of conjunction - anyway, conversely, accordingly, consequently, consequently, additionally.

Adverbs How When Where Exercises

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

List of Prepositions with Examples

Types of prepositions

Types of Prepositions:

Prepositions show the relationship between the noun, pronouns, and other words. Answering questions about where, when and how? Now the Prepositions are multi-faceted. One can use them in different situations.

Let’s see, types of Prepositions According to Functionality:

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1. Prepositions of Time:

Prepositions of time are used to indicate the time of an action or relationship of time between nouns in the sentence.

Preposition words are at, to, in, Since, For, During etc. These prepositions denote time in the sentence and used for time of different natures.

  • We are traveling abroad in the summertime.
  • Why don’t you come home on Sunday evening?
  • The home-coming is on the 7th September.
  • My mom gifted me a puppy on my birthday.
  • We gathered in the assembly hall at 7 o’ clock.
  • I go to school day at nine o’clock.
  • My result gets declared in March.
  • He was born in 1965.
  • She will go to China on 21st of April.
  • The concert will start at 9 O’clock.
  • She gets up early in the morning.
  • We worked a lot in the summer.
  • The president will deliver the speech to the public on Independence Day.
  • He received a lot of gifts on his birthday.
  • Where were you at the lunchtime?
  • I will call you at 11 A.M.
  • I was studying in the morning.
  • She was born on 5th of July.
  • I will reach there at 6 o’clock.

2. Prepositions of Place:

Prepositions of place are used to show the place where something is located. Prepositions in, on, at are usually used for different places. These prepositions are used to illustrate the location of nouns or pronouns in a sentence.

Prepositions of place words are at, in, on, while, during, near, over, under, between, behind, near etc.

  • The dog is on the floor.
  • My home is near the office.
  • My home is behind the metro station.
  • Mom is in the room
  • She lives in China.
  • Students study in the library.
  • The wedding ceremony will be held in the hall.
  • There are some pens on the table.
  • The teacher wrote sentences on the blackboard.
  • He was flying kite on the roof.
  • Her parents were waiting for her at the entrance of the school.
  • There was a huge gathering at the bus stop.
  • His house is at the end of the street.
  • There’s a painting on the wall.
  • There’s a rod at the roof edge.
  • There’s a mouse under my chair.
  • Let’s get under the umbrella as it’s starting to drizzle.
  • There’s a key-holder behind the door.
  • The cat is on the tree.
  • John lives near his workplace.
  • He is in his room.

Note: On is used for the surface. At is used for the specific place.

3. Prepositions of Movement:

These are used to describe the movement of one noun or pronoun towards another noun or pronoun.

Prepositions of movement words are to, into, towards, through etc.

  • I went to the bookstore.
  • The swimmer jumped into the pool.
  • The dog was coming towards him.

4. Prepositions of Direction:

Prepositions of direction are used to indicate the direction of someone or something in the sentence. These prepositions are used to illustrate the direction of nouns or pronouns in a sentence.

Prepositions of direction words are over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, between, behind, near etc.

  • It's time to go to
  • The train is going into the tunnel.
  • We are going over the bridge.
  • They went to the college.
  • He jumped into the river.
  • He saw someone coming towards him.
  • She dived into the river.
  • All students walked towards the assembly hall.

5. Prepositions of Manner:

Prepositions of manner words are applied to describe the way or means by which something happened or happens when used in a sentence.

Prepositions of manner words are On, In, With, By, Like etc

  • He goes to work by train came there in a taxi.
  • The boy speaks like an old man.

6. Prepositions of Measure:

Prepositions of measure words are applied to connect the quantity of the noun with the noun itself when used in a sentence.

Prepositions of measure words are of, by etc.

  • I bought a pound of cheese today.
  • One-third of the students were present in the class.
  • This shop sells cloth by the yard.

7. Prepositions of Source:

Prepositions of source are applied, when it is needed to convey that one noun or pronoun has originated from another noun or pronoun in the sentence.

Prepositions of source words are from, by etc.

  • The Earth receives light from the Sun.
  • This poem is written by me.
  • He did the help from gratitude.

8. Prepositions of Possession:

Prepositions of possession words are used, when it is required to indicate noun or pronoun or owns another noun or pronoun in the sentence.

Prepositions of possession words are in, with, of etc.

  • I met the boy with red hair today.
  • The old man had no money with him.
  • My friend’s father is a man of wealth.

9. Prepositions of Agent or Instrument:

Prepositions of agent or instrument words are applied to indicate that an action conducted on a noun is caused by another noun when used in a sentence.

We use Preposition of the agent to show that something causes another thing in the sentence. These prepositions act as an agent between a noun and usually a verb.

Prepositions of agent or instrument words are by, with etc

  • This book is written by him.
  • The work was completed by them.
  • The room was decorated by us.
  • The glass is filled with water.
  • Harry Potter was written by J.K Rowling.
  • Some schools are accredited by CBSE board.
  • She was hit by a car while she was going to school.
  • Hanah graduated with an honors degree.
  • This poem was written by Milton.
  • I opened my closet with a key.
  • She is writing with her blue pen.

10. Prepositions of Instruments, devices or Machines:

These prepositions connect instruments, machines or devices in the sentence. Prepositions can be used in many situations in many ways.

The different preposition is used by different devices, instruments or machines.

Prepositions of instrument, devices or machines words are by, with, on etc.

  • She came to the wedding party by train.
  • I made a hole in the wall with the help of a drill for the waste-pipe.
  • My brother opened the lock with a hairpin.
  • The car is on the road.
  • She comes by bus daily.
  • He opened the lock with key.

Note: Prepositions don’t translate from one language to the other. Prepositions and their use vary across languages. Some Prepositions are used after verbs to make the prepositional verb. e.g. look at, look after, laugh at, Smile at etc

Other Types of Prepositions:

Explanation of preposition usage is tricky but not many rules. We have learned, Prepositions are words that connect nouns/pronouns/phrases.

  1. Simple Prepositions
  2. Compound Prepositions
  3. Double Prepositions
  4. Participle Prepositions

1. Simple Prepositions:

Simple prepositions are used in the simple sentences. Some of the simple prepositions are listed below paragraph.

Simple prepositions words are in, on, at, about, over, under, off, of, for, to, by, from, in, into, out, till, up, upon, with, down etc.

The simple prepositions are short words, which are used in simple sentences.

  • She sat on the sofa.
  • He is going to the market.
  • He fell off the ladder.
  • There is some water in the bottle.
  • She is about seven.
  • They sat around the table.
  • The cat was hiding under the bed.
  • I am not coming with you.
  • She is in the park.
  • We are going to the market
  • She dived into the water.
  • The Pakistani players were genius from the beginning of the tournament.
  • I am not going with her.
  • She is waiting in the park.
  • Dad is going to the market.
  • I am from New Jersey.
  • The moon does not shine by its own light.
  • The whale dived into the water creating a massive splash.
  • I am from New Jersey.
  • My niece is suffering from flu.
  • I am working hard at Geography.

2. Compound Prepositions:

Compound prepositions are used to join two nouns, pronouns or phrases. These prepositions are made by prefixing the preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb.

Compound prepositions are formed by adding the prepositions. These are added to the front of an adverb, a noun, or an adjective. Compound prepositions words are without, within, inside, outside, into, beneath, below, behind, between, above, around, along, across, about, beside, beyond, outside, within, without, amongst, amidst, along, without etc.

  • There is something strange about him.
  • The cat is jumping around the seat.
  • The car pulled along the driveway.
  • Our dog stayed outside our home in his kennel.
  • The children ran around the bench.
  • There is a friendly mouse inside my cupboard.
  • Her beauty is beyond imagination.
  • Once upon a time, there was a brave princess.
  • I will finish the lunch before
  • I want to know about priya
  • He fell into the river.
  • She sat between her kids.
  • He sat beside her.
  • There is nothing inside the jar.
  • The teacher stood behind the desk.
  • The boy ran across the road.

3. Double Prepositions:

The Double prepositionis words having two prepositions. Prepositions are joined together to connect nouns, pronouns, and phases with other words in a sentence. It creates the new one by joining two prepositions.

When two prepositions are used together, they are called Double Prepositions. Sometimes a Compound Preposition is formed by joining two words. Double Prepositions are always two separate words.

Double prepositions words are out of, from behind, from beneath, up to, next to, because of, according to, into, onto, outside of, out of, within etc.

  • Nobody outside of this class should know about the plan.
  • According to the news reporter, the weather will be cloudy today.
  • Next to skiing my favorite sport is skating.
  • We need to solve three questions out of ten.
  • Zeal is something that comes from within a person.

4. Participle Preposition:

A participle preposition is a participle, which acts as a preposition. Participle words end with -ed or -ing verb.

Participle preposition words are provided, respected, regarding, during, pending, not withstanding, concerning, given, barring, considering, assuming.

  • I get sick during the summer season.
  • I would like to speak regarding healthy food.
  • My project work is still pending.
  • I think I can pass the exam easily considering my hard work.

What is Preposition?

The preposition is one of the important parts of speech in English grammar. It is very essential while making a sentence. It provides additional and necessary details.

Prepositions words giving information to the readers, such as where something takes place when something takes place, why something takes place, general descriptive information etc.

Note: Prepositions work in the group of words and do not stand alone. Group of words is also called prepositional phrases.

List of Preposition Words:

There are hundreds of prepositions. We use Preposition to show the relationship between noun and pronoun in the sentences. We always use the preposition before a noun or pronoun to show the relation between noun and pronoun in the sentences.

List of preposition words are After, without, since, down, by, beyond, with, until, like, across, underneath, under, toward, at, along, to, among, before, around, outside, into, inside, behind, near, of, opposite, onto, on, off, in, from, for, except, during, within, upon, up, through, between, besides, beside, beneath, below, against, above, out, till, between, next to, of, by, above, over, with, to, at, down, on, in, out etc

Let’s see the example with an explanation.

My class teacher laughed. (This is a correct sentence,but does not provide much detail about the situation without a preposition word)

My class teacher laughed at the joke.

It is a box for rice.(Preposition word is showing the relationship between box and rice)

I saw a cat under the table. (Preposition word is showing the relationship between cat and table)

A preposition shows where, when or how the action took place in a sentence. Let’s see a few examples because what explains better than an example.

  • The dog was sleeping on the table
  • I and my sister lives in Chicago
  • She looked at the window
  • The program will be held on 21st of November
  • He was waiting for you
  • Who is knocking at the door?
  • She came by bus
  • The glass is on the table.
  • Roland is very fond of ice-cream.
  • The mouse jumped off the table.
  • The paper plane flew above the ground.
  • Christine danced with Christopher.
  • I wake up every day in the morning at 7:30 am.

Additional Information:

Adjectives with Preposition

Adjectives with Preposition means adjectives used with preposition. Specific adjective and preposition words are used together to make a certain meaning.

Adjective preposition words are based on, ready for, aware of, attached to, pleased with, opposed to, responsible for, addicted to, answerable to, annoyed with, anxious about, happy about/for, afraid of, identical with/to, similar to etc


I am so excited about it! (excited and about go together).

Prepositional Verb:

A combination of a verb and a preposition is called prepositional verb. A verb followed by a preposition.

Some verbs need particular prepositions to be used after them in sentences having a direct object. Such a verb with its required preposition is called a prepositional phrase.

If a word is used as a preposition, it will have a noun or pronoun as its object. Some words can be used as an adverb. Adverbs, on the other hand, do not have objects. Prepositional verb words are used to modify a verb, adjective or another adverb.

Preposition and Object in a Sentence:

  • She sat in the armchair. (In – preposition; object - armchair)
  • Please come in. (In – adverb; no object)
  • He stood before me. (Before – preposition; object – me)
  • I have seen him before. (Before – adverb; no object)
  • She put the book on the table. (On – preposition; object – the table)
  • Let’s move on. (On – adverb; no object)
  • He will return after a month. (After – preposition; object – a month)
  • He came soon after. (After – adverb; no object)

Note: Prepositional Phrase = Verb + Preposition

Types of Prepositions - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

21 November, 2019

What is Pronouns with Examples

Types of Pronouns

What is Pronouns:

The pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. It is proving advancement of the noun. The pronoun is adding pro feature to a noun. The pro feature avoids repetition of a noun.

Do you want to know about Noun refer my previous article. I have provided enough information of 10 types of nouns with examples

There are ten kinds of pronouns. You will see all the pronouns with an example in later.

Let’s see the basic example of a pronoun.

Pronouns Example

  • Kalyani is a singer. She is my friend.
  • I like her voice.

Let’s see 10 types of Pronouns.

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1. Personal Pronouns:

Personal pronouns are used for people or things. This type of pronouns may be used in place of subjective or objective.

Personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, them.

Personal pronouns are divided into two categories.

Let’s see,

  1. I. Subjective Pronouns
  2. II. Objective Pronouns

I). Subjective Pronouns:

Subjective pronouns are used as a subject of a sentence. The sentence starts with a subjective pronoun.

The subjective pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, what.


  • I love india
  • He is a doctor.
  • She plays cricket.
  • It looks good.

II). Objective Pronouns:

Objective pronouns are used as an object of a sentence. The sentence ends with objective pronouns.

The objective pronouns are Me, It, Her, His, him, Us, You, Them, Whom.

  • Are you calling me ?
  • She is telling something to him.

2. Possessive Pronoun:

Do you know the possessive meaning? I am expecting. You already know this word but I will explain again. Possessive means something is mine or somebody. This pronoun showing ownership.

The possessive pronouns are yours, mine, hers, his, ours, theirs.

  • The big house is ours.
  • The red pen is mine.

3. Reflexive Pronouns with Examples:

Reflexive means referring back to itself. Affects the person who performs the action is the reflexive pronoun. Reflexive pronoun always ends with self word.

The reflexive pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.

Pronouns Reflexive Examples

  • She hangs herself.
  • He trusts himself
  • She could hurt herself
  • They injured themselves by playing cricket


  1. I. It should be used verb transitive pronoun forms
  2. II. The reflexive pronoun should keep the after verb form.
  3. III. The reflexive pronoun should not be used as a subject of a sentence.

If you want use reflexive pronoun you must use transitive verb (vt).


  • He walks (vi)
  • He walks the horse (vt)

Let's See about Vi and Vt

  1. I. Vi=intransitive verb
  2. II. Vt= transitive verb

I. Verb transitive(vt):

Action should be transferred to object.


  • he walks/vt the horse

Note: A word last two letters contain ed i.e Verb transitive (vt).

Another name of verb transitive is regular word.

II. The verb intransitive(vi):

There is no action should not be transferred to the object form.

Note: Without ed forms is called verb intransitive.


  • he walks/vi

4. Emphatic pronoun:

Emphatic pronoun means forcefully and definite in expression or action. It is used for highlighting, stressing or emphasizing the pronoun. It is used without changing the sense of a sentence.

Emphatic pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.


  1. I. This is same as the reflexive pronoun.
  2. II. This should be used after the subjective form with function mark, without function mark there is no meaning.
  3. III. This is used form emphasizing its antecedent.

Children do their homework themselves.
I like myself a lot.

E.g. my sister along with her friend is doing the job in Delhi with her own expenses.

Note:If two nouns or pronouns are adding by along with, as well as, besides, in addition to and simple with then we have to take helping verb, main verb and a possessive case of the pronoun according to the 1st subject of the sentence.

Neither the government nor the people are conserving ground level of water with their opinions.

Note:If two nouns or pronouns adding by neither nor, either or and not only but also, then we have to take helping verb, main verb, possessive case of the pronoun according to the 2nd subject of the sentence.

5. Interrogative pronoun:

Interrogative pronoun means, it is a sentence of inquiry that asks reply.

The interrogative pronouns are Whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever, who, whom, which, what.

Who and whom two words are used for the people.
Which and what two words are used for animal and things


  • What is your college name?
  • Which mobile phone did you buy?
  • Who is your teacher?
  • What did she say to you?
  • what is the car name?
  • Who are you ?
  • Why did you come here ?

What – verb general case
Whom – by special case
Who – for all persons
Which - used for the special case
Why – any question

6. Indefinite pronouns:

Indefinite means not exact or clear. Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any specific person or thing.

Let’s see words of Indefinite pronouns.

anything, another, anybody, anyone, any of, everyone, all, both, everybody, each, everyone, everything, either, each of, enough, few, many, many of, none, other, several, somebody, someone, something, no one, nothing, little, more, much, such.

  • Do you have anything ?
  • Everybody wanted to go home.
  • There is something in my shoe

7. Relative pronoun:

Relative means related to something. Relative pronouns are used to add different parts of the sentence.

The relative pronouns are who, whom, whose, which, that, what, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever.

It is a word which joins main class to subordinate class according to the situation.


  • The book that you gave me was really boring

8. Demonstrative Pronouns:

Demonstrative pronouns mean making something clear and also point out the people or things. We have four demonstrative pronouns.

The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, those.

Note:This and these are used to talk about things that are near in space or time. That and those are used to talk about things that are farther away in space or time.


  • This is the report I want.
  • This is my book
  • That pen is mine
  • Those are my friends
  • These are my belongings

9. Reciprocal Pronouns:

Reciprocal means that two people or groups do the same thing to each other. They treat each other in the same way.

We have two reciprocal pronouns.

Let’s see.
1) Each other.
2) One another.

Laxmi helps Divya, and Divya helps Laxmi.

Note: They are helping each other so we can say, Laxmi and Divya help each other.


  • The cat and the dog like each other.
  • We must stop fighting one another.

10. Intensive Pronouns:

Intensive means giving force or emphasis. The intensive pronoun is used for emphasis or emphasizes the subject of the sentence.

Intensive pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.


  • I prepared myself.

Remember List of Pronouns

Table of Contents

****Pronoun_Name****Pronoun Words
Subjective pronounI, We, You, He, She, It, Them
Objective PronounMe, Us, You, Him, Her, It, Them
Possessive PronounMy, Mine, Our, Your, His, Her, It, Their
Reflexive PronounMyself, our self, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Themselves
Emphatic PronounsMyself, our self, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Themselves
Demonstrative PronounsThis, that, those, these
Interrogative Pronounswho, whom, which, what, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever.
Relative Pronounswhatever, whoever, whomever, whichever, who, whom, whose, which, that, what.
Reciprocal PronounsEach other, one another.
Intensive Pronounsmyself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves.
Indefinite Pronounsanything, another, anybody, anyone, any of, everyone, all, both, everybody, each, everyone, everything, either, each of, enough, few, many, many of, none, other, several, somebody, someone, something, no one, nothing, little, more, much, such.

1st, 2nd, and 3rd Persons:

You know in English there are three persons those are 1st Person, 2nd Person, and 3rd Person. These pronouns are used in place of subjective and objective.

Table of Contents

Person NoSingular PronounsPlural Pronouns
1st PersonIMeUsWe
2nd PersonYouYouYouYou
3rd PersonHeHimTheyThem
The Order of The Subjective Pronouns:
  • I. You, she and I for positive work
  • II. I, you, and she for negative work


I and she are doing a job

She and i are doing a job

I, she, and you are doing a project work.

You, she, and I are doing a project work

Pronouns Exercises

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

20 November, 2019

What are Verbs with Examples

Types of verbs

Verb Definition and Examples:

A verb form is an action word. It is used to describe an action, state, or occurrence. A verb used in forming the tenses, moods, and voices of other. Let’s see English verbs list.

Physical action verbs list - Run, talk, dance, shout, cook.

Mental action verbs - Think, believe, fear, want, wonder.

Linking verbs - Am, is, are, was.

Here I will give you, 10 example of the verb. Above I gave you list of verbs. Now I will provide verb examples in sentences. Here is a verb example list.


  • He is walking
  • He is sleeping
  • He had a pen
  • Please call your dad.
  • I was late for office yesterday.
  • I am twenty-seven years old.
  • He is a great dancer.
  • These boys are good
  • He was planning to go on tour.
  • It is a great feeling to win the award.

Let’s see 10 types of Verbs.

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1. Main Verb or Action Verbs:

The main verb can express physical or mental action. It describes what the subject of a sentence is doing physically or mentally. So action verbs or Main verbs are used to express action.

Action verbs express a particular action at any time to show action. That may be discussing with something or someone.

Action verbs are give, eat, walk etc. Possession verbs are have, own etc.


  • I hear the train coming.
  • The sun shines.
  • The monkey jumps.
  • Call me when you’re finished with class.

Action verbs can be either transitive or intransitive. Let's see,

  • I) Transitive Verbs (Vt)
  • II) Transitive verbs (Vi)

I. Transitive Verbs:

It requires one or more objects. Transitive verbs can be classified by the number of objects they require.

A transitive verb always has a noun that receives the action of the verb. It is called the direct object.

Transitive verbs are action verbs that can attach directly to a noun.

Transitive verbs are action verbs that always express doable activities. A verb needs an object to make complete sense is called a transitive verb.


  • The teacher made the question paper.
  • Sweaty cut the cake.

II. Intransitive Verbs:

An intransitive verb has two characteristics. Let’s see one after other.

First one is an action verb. It is expressing doable activities like arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die, etc. Intransitive verbs are action verbs that always express doable activities.

No direct object follows an intransitive verb.

The second one is unlike a transitive verb. It will not have a direct object receiving the action. Intransitive verbs are action verbs, cannot attach directly to a noun. It requires the help of a preposition.

For example, as in walk to the store, comply with the regulations, proceed with the inquiry.


  • Mr. Becker jogs every day.
  • The wicked hunter was hiding.
  • Priya looks very beautiful.
  • Mr. John speaks loudly.
  • The ship sank rapidly.
  • The department store opens at six o’clock.
  • Mr. Ben is driving carefully.
  • The wind blew strongly.

2. Regular Verbs:

Most of the verbs are regular verbs. Regular verbs are formed by adding –d or –ed to the end of the verb form. It will change the past tense and past participles.

Regular verbs are call, laugh, love.

3. Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are those that don’t take on the regular spelling patterns of past simple and past participle verbs.

Irregular verbs are Bet, Bid, Burst, Bust, Cast, Cut, Hit, Hurt, Let, Preset, Put, Quit, Read, Set, Shed, break, broke, broken, cut, run, meet, come, repay, swim, be was.

4. Modal verbs:

Modal verbs are also known as auxiliary verbs that are used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligations.

Be, do, have are similar to the auxiliary verbs because they help the main verb in a sentence. They are different because they each have a special meaning.

Here may means maybe, can't means impossible or unable, and should is asking for advice.

Modal verbs are must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might.

Model auxiliary verb are Ought to, need, dare.

Note: V2 is king of the English word.

Am is, are used for structural manner but some case, we are using sense manner.


  • she was completed PG.
  • She is completed - Completed (time).
  • She has completed - Completed his work (no time)

Have - Plural subject.
Had - Used for whole subject
May - Asking permission
Can - Giving permission
May/Might - Least capability
Can/Could – Capability / request
Should - Advice
Could – Most request able word.
Shall – I or we Subjects. Normal action
Will – All subjects, used for future planned activities.
Must - Compulsory
Ought to – Compulsory/expected
Need - Emergency
Dare - Shows capability/ Capacity.

The verb can be served as either main verb or auxiliary verb. When it acts as the main verb, it typically couples a grammatical subject with an adjective.

The book is on the table

5. Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs aren’t single words. Phrasal verbs are combinations of words. Those are used together to take on a different meaning.

Phrasal verbs are ask out, ask around, add up to, back up, break down, cut off, look forward to etc

6. Auxiliary Verb or Helping Verb

Auxiliary verbs are used to change the tenses and make questions. The auxiliary verb is used together with the main verb. It helps the main verb of a sentence. So we can conclude, auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs.

Auxiliary verb be is used to indicate the continuous and the passive voice.

Auxiliary verbs express necessity or possibility.

The primary auxiliary verbs in English are be, do, have.

The modal auxiliary verbs are can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.

Let’s see auxiliary verb categories.

Have: have, has, and had
Do: do, does, did
Be forms: am, is, are, was, were, be, been,

We are learning about helping verbs. (Are: helping verb; learning: main verb)
We are in the Green House Club. (Are: helping verb)
You should complete the work by tomorrow. (Should: helping verb; complete: main verb)

7. Linking Verbs:

Linking verbs connect a noun (or pronoun) to words that describe it, expressing a state of being or a condition. State of being verbs is also known as linking verbs.

Linking verbs are non be verbs that link a grammatical subject to an adjective.

This noun or adjective is called the subject complement. Linking verbs explain a link between the subject of the sentence and a noun or adjective.

Common linking verbs are appear, become, feel, grow, look, become, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn.


  • Watermelon tastes good, to a noun
  • She seems an honest woman, or to a phrase
  • He looks out of sorts.
  • The flowers are bright.
  • Diamond is the hardest substance.
  • I feel scared.

8. Stative Verbs or State Verbs:

Stative verbs express a state rather than an action. Stative Verbs are related to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being and measurements.

Stative Verbs are like, know, belong, love, realize, fit, hate, suppose, contain, want, mean, consist, need, understand, seem, prefer, believe, and depend.

I) To-infinitives:

Whatever the action is confirming to takes place in the future.


  • It is easy to understand
  • It is good to ride

Note: It is cleaver to maintain such type of things

II) To primitives:

Whatever the action, which was completed.

E.g. I read book.

Note: to-infinitives are followed by the adjective.

Types of Verbs - English Language Quiz

Rajashekar KankanalaRajashekarKankanala
Tuts Raja
NTR Colony

What are Adjectives with Examples

Types of Adjectives

Adjective Definition and Examples:

Adjectives are words that modify nouns, pronouns, and other adjectives. A word or noun which adds meaning to noun or pronoun is called as an adjective.

It is also called as noun-helper. Adjectives answer questions like what kind, how many, and which one?. The adjective words are every, small, blue, sharp, the, my.


He is going fast.

Adjectives examples in sentences:
  • The quick white dog jumps over the lazy person.
  • He is an honest person
  • A boy present in the class
  • An umbrella
  • The people

What are the Different Kinds of Adjectives:

The adjective is one of the 8 parts of speech. I am going to cover, 13 kinds of adjectives in English. Different types of the adjectives are described below with definition and examples.

Here are the different types of adjectives. Let’s see one by one,

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1. Article Adjective:

Articles are used to describe which noun you’re referring to. Maybe thinking of them as adjectives will help you learn which one to use and there are three articles in the English language a, an, and the.

Articles are their own part of speech, they’re technically also adjectives.

The word the is called the definite article. It’s the only definite article, and it is used to indicate very specific people or things.

  • A — It is used singular, general item.
  • An — It is used singular, general item. Use this before words that start with a vowel.
  • The — It is used for singular or plural, specific item.
  • The elephants left huge footprints in the sand.
  • An elephant can weigh over 6,000 pounds!
  • The days are getting longer.
  • An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
  • You must consult a doctor for the checkup.

2. Proper Adjective:

An adjective that is formed from a proper noun is called proper Adjective.

  • I want to talk about American culture and tourists.
  • He is an Australian citizen.
  • I like Pakistani dishes.

3. Distributive Adjective:

This Adjective expresses the distributive state of nouns or Distributive adjectives describe specific members out of a group.

Distributive adjective common words are Each, Every, Either, Neither, and Any.

  • Each — Every single one of a group.
  • Every — Every single one of a group (used to make generalizations).
  • Either — One between choices of two.
  • Neither — Not one or the other between choices of two.
  • Any — One or anything, any number, any choices.
  • The answers are worth 20 points each.
  • Every day is a good day if you think of positive changes.
  • You can park on either side of the street.
  • Every rose has its thorn.
  • I don’t like either song.

4. Demonstrative Adjectives:

Demonstrative adjectives answer the question which one? They point out particular nouns. It is used for a different purpose. Demonstrative adjective words come before the modifying word.

Demonstrative adjectives are used to indicate or demonstrate specific things, animals, or peoples.

The demonstrative adjective words are this, that, those, and what.

  • This — Used to refer to a singular noun close to you.
  • That — Used to refer to a singular noun far from you.
  • These — Used to refer to a plural noun close to you.
  • Those — Used to refer to a plural noun. It away from you.
  • That is my bag.
  • He bought that book
  • I like this food very much.
  • I really like playing with these
  • Those flowers are looking very beautiful.
  • I think you’ll find these more comfortable than those.
  • How long have you been living in this country?
  • Is that your bag?
  • Take this job and shove it.
  • I love that new dress.
  • Who are those people?
  • This dog had no tail.
  • That pig has a curly tail.
  • These trousers are now too tight for me.
  • Those monkeys are noisy.
  • This house is mine, and that one used to be mine until I sold it.
  • These books belong on that
  • This movie is my favorite.
  • Please put those cookies on the blue plate.

5. Possessive Adjectives:

Possessive adjectives, which we use to point out the noun, belong to someone. This Adjective expresses the state of possession of nouns is known as a possessive adjective. Possessive adjectives show possession or ownership.

Possessive adjectives are like possessive pronouns but act as adjectives.

Possessive adjectives never use an apostrophe. We use an apostrophe. But when we use the possessive adjective in place of a noun there is a tendency to want to use the apostrophe.

A possessive adjective also called a possessive determiner Expresses possession of a noun by someone or something by modifying the noun. Possessive adjectives also function as possessive pronouns.

Possessive adjectives singular words are my, your, his, her, its.

Possessive adjectives plural words are our, your, their, their, their.

As the name indicates, possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession. They are My, Your, His, Her, Its, Our, Their, Mine, His, Hers, Theirs, Yours, Ours.

Let’s see meaning of possession words.

  • My — Belonging to me
  • His — Belonging to him
  • Her — Belonging to her
  • their — Belonging to them
  • Your — Belonging to you
  • Our — Belonging to us
  • This is our school.
  • It is her.
  • Your dog is very kind.
  • Where’s my passport?
  • The cat is sitting on its tail.
  • Please concentrate on your mistakes.
  • We are going to her home.
  • I am playing his computer game.
  • I spent my afternoon painting the toilet.
  • This must be your missing pencil.
  • His arms have a few tattoos.
  • Its skin is dry and rough.
  • Our grandmothers were classmates.

Saying that’s my is incorrect
saying that’s mine is perfectly fine.

Note: Word comes with noun then it is called adjective. A word replaces noun then it is called pronoun.

6. Interrogative Adjectives:

It is placed before the noun in the sentence. Interrogative adjectives are followed by a noun or a pronoun. It is used to form questions.

Interrogative adjectives ask questions and are always followed by a noun.

Another type of adjective is the interrogative adjective. Interrogative adjectives include the words which and what. Which, what and whose are only considered adjectives if they’re immediately followed by a noun.

Interrogative question words are who or how aren’t adjectives. Since they don’t modify the nouns.

Interrogative adjective words are where, which, what, and whose.

The interrogative adjective meanings are,

  • Which — Asks to make a choice between options?
  • What — Asks to make a choice (in general).
  • Whose — Asks whom something belongs to.
  • Where did I say I was going?
  • What assignment did you miss out?
  • Which is your favorite game?
  • Whose lunch box is this?
  • Which of the applicants has got the job?
  • It’s the house whose door is painted red.
  • What is your name?
  • Which company do you want to invest in?
  • What bank do you trust with your money?
  • What movie are you watching?
  • Which plants should be placed over here?
  • You can say whose coat is this?
  • But you can’t say who coat?
  • Which song will you play on your wedding day?
  • What pet do you want to get?
  • Whose child is this?

7. Adjective of Quality or Descriptive Adjective:

Adjective of quality is also known as the descriptive adjective. It describes the nature and attribute of nouns or pronouns.

Adjective showing the kind or quality of nouns or pronouns are called Adjective of Quality.

Descriptive adjectives give the quite better idea to understand the characteristics of noun or pronoun by answering the question. The most common type of adjective is the descriptive adjective.

These adjectives add information and qualities to the words they’re modifying.

Descriptive adjective words are red, round, friendly, and salty, bulky, thin, large, kind, fat, honest, ugly, smart, careless, black, small, long, fat, beautiful, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, beautiful, silly, tall, annoying, loud and nice.

  • The large, yellow house is on the corner.
  • Dangerous chemicals
  • Green vegetables
  • A cold morning
  • A powerful motorbike
  • We had a wonderful time last night.
  • You look very smart in that suit.
  • Did you have a nice time?

Note: Remember that adjectives modify or describe nouns only and not verbs.

8. Attributive Adjectives:

Size and shape adjectives tell us about objective qualities, measurable.

Attributive Adjective words are square, round, slow, small, large, poor, and wealthy.

Color adjective words are pink, yellow, blue, and green.

Material adjective words are cotton, gold, wool.

Qualifier adjective words are the log cabin, luxury car, and pillow cover.

9. Definite Adjective:

An adjective which is definite is known as the definite adjective>. Why definite? Because it is clear and showing how many or who are they. It gives us an exact number.

  • He stood seventh in his class.
  • There is a college holiday on the second August.

10. Indefinite Adjectives:

An adjective which is not definite is known as the indefinite adjective. Why indefinite? Because it is not clear how many or who are they.

The indefinite adjective words are few, several, no, many, and any.

  • Some of the players were tired after the match.
  • A few people wanted to get the tickets.
  • Many people feel that the law should be changed.
  • Some people wanted to buy stocks.
  • Many people wanted to buy bonds.
  • A few people wanted to buy gold.
  • Do we have any peanut butter?
  • Grandfather has been retired for many
  • I usually read the first few pages of a book before I buy it.

11. Coordinate Adjective:

Coordinate adjectives are separated with commas. If and works, then the adjectives are coordinate and need to be separated by a comma.

Coordinate adjective words are dull, nice, rainy day, dark, bright, sunny day and long, dark night and stormy night.

  • The sign had big, bold, and bright letters.
  • They can be rearranged in a series.
  • She was a very honest, smart, loving human being.

12 Non-coordinate Adjective:

Non-coordinate adjectives, which do not make any sense after inserting commas or and in between. Non-coordinate adjectives do not use commas.

  • I have three healthy active children. (This sentence makes a sense and is grammatically correct)
  • I have active three healthy children. (This sentence does not make sense and grammatically incorrect)
  • I have active and healthy and three children. (This sentence does not make sense and grammatically incorrect)

13. Adjective of Number/ Numeral Adjective:

Numerical adjectives are two types,

  1. Definite numerical adjective.
  2. Indefinite numerical adjective

Quantitative adjectives describe the quantity of something. Adjective of number is also known as the numeral adjective.

The adjective which shows the quantity of noun or pronoun is called the Adjective of Quantity.

  • There are five boys in her class. (In this case, five is a numeral adjective that describes the number of boys.)
  • I have seen few people eating rice.
  • Many people come every year to visit the fair.
  • I didn’t have enough clothes to last a week.
  • There’s still some wine in the bottle.
  • I have got hardly any money.
  • I can’t believe I ate that whole cake!
  • Students must enter in twos or threes.
  • She’s having a party on her twenty-first.
  • He has eaten three apples.
  • I don't have enough pocket money.
  • They brought along a few sandwiches.
  • There is a little dust on the bookshelf.
  • There are some birds in the tree.
  • We have much wine for the guests.
  • This long, thin centipede has many legs.
  • Twenty-one students failed the exam.
  • The plants need more water.
i) Definite Numeral Adjective:

As the name suggests, this kind of adjective answers the question, How many ? or How much ?

Definite numeral adjectives are quantitative adjectives that give exact number amounts

Definite numeral adjective words are two, seven, thirty, first, and ninth.

Definite numerical adjectives are two types,

1. Cardinals – 1, 2, 3 (how many)

One, two, three, four, five, six, etc numbers are known as cardinals.

We can ask the question how many ? To noun and get definite numeral adjectives in cardinal form.

Definite adjective examples in the cardinal form:

  • There are three books on the table.
  • There is only one solution to this problem.
  • He shared his experience with four persons.
  • Priya ate two bananas.
  • Ten chairs are kept in a row.
  • I purchased three dresses for my daughter.
  • The teacher asked us to bring six notebooks on tomorrow.
  • I saw two people playing football.
2. Ordinals – 1st, 2nd (in which row)

First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, etc are known as ordinals.

These definite adjectives also express an exact number in the ordinal form that is first, second, third, fourth etc.

Definite adjective examples in the ordinal form:

  • Always take the second opinion.
  • He stood fourth in his class.
  • Today is their seventh marriage anniversary.
  • Children day is celebrated on fourteenth November.
  • There is a bank holiday on twentieth October
  • .
  • It was the tenth football match in the city.
ii) Indefinite Numeral Adjective:

It only gives a general idea of that number. An indefinite numeral adjective does not show the exact numerical number.

Indefinite numeral adjective words are Several, all, few, any, some, many, some none, any, many, each, every, little, few, enough, all, half, no, great, all, no, few, many, and littleetc

  • Little hope of his recovery (not much but some)
  • A little hope of his recovery (some but not much)
  • The little hope of his recovery (not much but everything)
  • Few hope of his recovery (some members)
  • A few hope of his recovery (no members)
  • The few hope of his recovery (Not many but some)
iii) Distributive Numeral Adjective:

Distributive numeral adjectives are followed by a singular noun and a singular verb. Sometimes we use the plural noun and a singular verb by using either of, every one of, and each of, either of.

Distributive numeral adjective words are each, either, neither, every, another, other etc.

  • Each leg has four fingers and one toe.
  • Every child needs care and love.
  • Either method is wrong.
  • Neither method is correct.
  • Either of the methods is wrong.
  • Neither of the methods is correct.

Compound Nouns

  • Orange juice (Adj) - the compound noun
  • Sports car (adj) - the compound noun
  • Italian coffee shop (adj) - the compound noun

Note: Some adjectives are acting like compound nouns:

Questions Related to Adjectives:

Let’s see some basic question and answers related to adjective. This article is also answering the basic questions and defining the related terms with various examples.

  • What is an adjective?
  • What are the functions of adjectives?
  • What are the degrees of adjectives?
  • What are the different kinds of adjectives?

What is an Adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes and modifies a noun, making your writing and speaking much more specific, and a whole lot more interesting.

Adjectives are used before the noun or pronoun to describe or modify. Some sentences contain multiple adjectives.

Adjective words are sweet, red, or technical.


  • Your English is good enough.
  • Sorry, my English is not very good.
  • Brazil is the world’s largest producer of coffee.

What are the Functions of Adjectives:

Adjectives are words, which provides specialty to the noun or pronoun. An adjective is a part of speech which describes, identifies or quantifies a noun or a pronoun.

Adjective words are red, smart, fair, white, beautiful, cute, bold, green, pretty, more, fierce, much, many, blue, few, tall, majestic, small.


  • She is prettier than you.
  • There is a tall man.
  • He was eating healthy food.
  • There are six persons in the house.

Adjectives Degrees or Degrees of Adjectives:

There are only three degrees of adjectives or levels of adjectives or degrees of comparison are positive, comparative, and superlative. All the degrees of adjectives are described below with proper examples.

i) Positive Degree:

A positive adjective is a normal adjective that’s used to describe, not compare.

The positive degree adjectives are used to talk about or describe only a single person, place, or thing.


  • He is a smart boy.
  • It is a nice pen.
  • This is a good soup
  • I am funny
  • She is a beautiful lady.
  • It was a memorable trip.

ii) Comparative Degree:

Comparative degrees of adjectives are used when we compare two persons, places, or things. It is used to compare two things.

Comparative Degree Examples

  • Lovely - Lovelier
  • Happy - Happier
  • Pretty - Prettier
  • Tasty - Tastier
  • Lucky - Luckier
  • This swimming pool is smaller than the last one.
  • You are more intelligent than your brother.
  • This soup is better than that salad
  • I am funnier than her
  • This swimming pool is bigger than that one.
  • Priya is more intelligent than Akhil.

Note: You can change the adjective to the comparative degree by replacing y with ier.

iii) Superlative Degree:

Superlative degrees are used to compare more than two things, persons or places to state that something is the most.

Superlative form of the word should be added before the adjective.

Superlative Degree Word Examples

  • Lovely - Loveliest
  • Pretty - Prettiest
  • Tasty - Tastiest
  • I wear the clothes from the biggest store.
  • This is the most important moment of my life.
  • This is the best soup in the whole world
  • That is by far, the tallest tree I have ever seen in my entire life.
  • This is the most crucial match of the season.

Note: If the word is ending with y, then you should replace letter y with i, and then add the suffix -est.

Rules of Ordering Adjectives:

Generally, we can make a sentence by putting only one adjective in the sentence to know more details about the noun and pronoun.

We can place more than one adjective in the sentence. Now we have to think about the adjective order. You can arrange proper order by using rules of ordering adjectives. Here are the rules of ordering the adjectives.

Adjective order Structure:

Determines > Opinion > Size > Age > Shape > Color > Material > Origin > Purpose


It is a small, nice, old, Italian, coffee, shop

Correct order: It is small, old, nice, coffe, shop.

1. Determiners:

We should first place the adjectives like article, possessive, demonstrative, numerical, quantifier, or distributive adjectives into the sentence. An example is given below using a numerical adjective first

  • I have two good. (Correct.)
  • I have good two. (A sentence making no sense and grammatically incorrect.)
  • I have two good friends. (Good is quality or opinion adjective which follows after the numerical adjective.)

2. Opinion:

It describes an opinion of the noun. Opinion words are beautiful, unusual, lovely.


She is beautiful.

3. Size:

It is describing the size of the noun. Size words are small, big, and tiny.


I have two good little birds. (Little is the adjective describing the size of the noun.)

4. Age:

It describes the age of noun. Age words are new, old.


I have a new car.

5. Shape:

In order to describe the shape of the noun, we can use a variety of object shapes.

Shape words are circle, square, triangle, rectangle etc.


Whiteboard is the rectangle in shape.

6. Color:

We can add color adjective to the sentence after shape adjective.


I have two soft big new circular red mats. (This sentence is long, so we can write creatively and add some attributes of the noun in the separate sentence.)

7. Material:

It is the description of material or about the material. Materials words are rubber, wood, and plastic.


I have two soft little rubbers.

8. Origin:

The place, where the item is purchased or manufactured by the use of adjectives.


I have two soft big new circular red balls from the North. (This sentence is unclear, just showing the place of purchase.)

9. Purpose:

Purpose words are cleaning, hammering, cooking


She is cooking

Ordering Adjective Words

  • Determines: a, an, the
  • Opinion: beautiful, unusual, lovely,
  • Size: small, big, and tiny.
  • Age: new, old, vintage, archaic, ancestral
  • Shape: round, rectangle, oval, square etc
  • Color: black, red, pink etc.
  • Material: wooden, golden, mural
  • Origin: Italian, Indian, southern, northern etc
  • Purpose: cleaning, hammering, cooking

Types of Adjectives - English Language Quiz

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